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Dayaram Gidumal

Dayaram Gidumal (1856 -1927)

The next prose-writer of importance was Dewan Dayaram who mainly composed masterly treatises on Vedantic philosophy, with a learned as well as lucid exposition in a fluent dignified style. His three principal works in this direction composed about the beginning of this century, were : Shri Yoga Darshan of Patanjali, Bhagwat Geeta and Jap Sahib the last being a scripture of Sikhism in which the majority of Sindhi Hindus are staunch believers. His critical writings consist of two short but scholarly essays : Introduction to Sami-ja-Saloka compiled by Dewan Kauromal, and Introduction to Rubaiyat-e-Umar Khayam translated by Mirza Kalich Beg-summarizing in a nut-shell the principles of Vedantism and Sufism respectively.

Dayaram's most creative output was his seven-volume work Chabuk Man Lai (Whips for the Mind) 1923—1926, a series of prose-poems written in melodious prose rhythms, the first time in Sindhi literature, inspired by a vast variety of moods and emotions ranging from the lyrical to patriotic and philosophic. Sata Sahelyoon (Seven Girl friends), a moral and social dialogue, was his last writing published in 1927, his earlier stories in the same ethical vein being Man ain Dheea (Mother and Daughter) and Lobh jo Mahafam (Incarnation of Greed).